Top Academic Journals in Countries With the Highest Research Output

In the landscape of academia, where breakthroughs and discoveries shape our understanding of the world, scientific academic journals serve as gateways to knowledge. As the pursuit of knowledge intensifies, certain countries have emerged as beacons of research, generating an impressive volume of scientific output. From the bustling laboratories of the United States to the innovative corridors of China, this blog is an exploration of the foremost journals in countries where research thrives, illuminating global scientific collaboration. 


Citations of Chinese research escalated significantly in 2020 due to the sequencing of the covid-19 genome, this caused China to overtake the US to become the biggest academic research contributor in the fields of physical sciences, chemistry, earth and environmental sciences. Globally, China is also the biggest research collaborator. Many of the most cited papers are developed in collaboration with international researchers, gaining its 1st rank as the country with the highest research output globally. 

As of June 2023, the top journal within China is AI Open specializing in computer science and covering important subject areas like artificial intelligence, computer science applications

Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, human-computer interaction, and information systems.

AI OpenComputer Science4.72610
MycosphereAgricultural & Biological Science3.91834
Protein and CellMolecular Biology, Medicine & Pharmaceutics3.36782
Engineered RegenerationBiomedical Engineering3.25019
Communications in Transportation ResearchEngineering & Social Sciences3.18815
Top 5 Academic Journals in China

United States of America

Following the second world war, the US government excelled in becoming a prominent source of research funding through the National Health Institute and National Science Foundation, including the Departments of Defence, Energy, Agriculture and Education. Through these significant funding opportunities, the US has made several note-worthy contributions to the field of science like laser technology which is now utilised considerably in telecommunications and medical technology. Additionally, the PageRank algorithm’s development eventually led to Google’s formation

As of June 2023, the top journal in the US is the Cancer Journal for Clinicians. Covering significant research content from the 1950s to 2022, the journal has an impressive h-index score of 198.  

Cancer Journal for CliniciansHematology & Oncology86.091198
New England Journal of MedicineMedicine26.0151130
MMWR Recommendations and ReportsEnvironmental & Social Sciences23.962151
American Economic ReviewEconomics & Finance21.833337
Top 5 Academic Journals in US

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is globally ranked 3rd with nearly 200,000 citable publications in just 2020. The nation is home to the world’s most historic universities and colleges originating from the 12th and 13th centuries. The UK’s strong legacy within education is a global benchmark to this day. The country has made significant scientific contributions like the invention of the incandescent light bulb, the unification of electromagnetism, and the discovery of penicillin. 

The top journal within the UK as of June 2023 is the Quarterly Journal of Economics. The journal covers important economic and financial research studies from 1886 to 2022, gaining an h-index score of 198. 

Quarterly Journal of EconomicsEconomics & Finance36.730292
Nature Reviews Molecular Cell BiologyBiochemistry & Genetics34.201485
Nature MedicineBiochemistry & Medicine24.687605
Nature BiotechnologyChemical Engineering & Molecular Biology22.781491
Nature Reviews MaterialsEnergy & Materials Science21.927156
Top 5 Academic Journals in UK


India has made significant scientific and technological advancements globally, ranking 4th. The country has built satellites and launched probes to the Moon and Mars, established nuclear power stations, revolutionised railway computerisation applications and developed the field of oceanography to ensure optimal utilisation of resources and maintaining marine life. 

India’s top journal as of June 2023 is Higher Education for the Future. The journal covers aspects of social sciences and education from 2019 to 2022 and has a h-index score 9. 

Higher Education for the FutureSocial Sciences & Education2.1079
Asian Journal of Social Health & BehaviourMedicine, Psychology & Social Sciences1.90011
Hepatology InternationalMedicine1.57758
Animal FrontiersVeterinary, Agricultural and Biological Sciences 1.16344
Global Journal of Flexible Systems ManagementBusiness Management & Accounting1.07240
Top 5 Academic Journals in India


Germany is home to significant inventors who contributed to the fields of science and technology. Konrad Zuse built the first electronic computer, Johannes Gutenbury invented movable type printing, and Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll invented the first electronic microscope. 

The top journal in Germany as of June 2023 is the Astronomy and Astrophysics Review. The academic journal covers earth and planetary sciences, physics, astronomy, and housing research from 1989 to 2022 with an h-index score of 74.

Astronomy & Astrophysics ReviewPlanetary Sciences, Physics & Astronomy9.93774
Advanced Energy MaterialsEnergy & Materials Science9.044290
Electrochemical Energy ReviewsChemical Engineering & Electrochemistry8.90547
Nature MetabolismMolecular Biology & Medicine7.04557
Publications Mathematiques de l’Institut des Hautes Etudes ScientifiquesMathematics6.58246
Top Academic Journals in Germany

Concluding the exploration of the best journals in countries with the highest research output, this blog highlighted the remarkable intellectual landscapes around the globe. These countries, with their thriving research environments, contribute to the advancement of science and inspire researchers worldwide to push the boundaries of their respective fields. As the world progresses with significant advancements, it is evident that the best journals in high-output countries will continue to be at the forefront of disseminating groundbreaking research and fostering collaborations that shape the world. 


Zendy’s New AI-powered Features: Summarisation and Keyphrase Highlighting!

Need a faster, more efficient way to do a literature review? AI summarisation and Keyphrase Highlighting are designed to help you understand key concepts in seconds. Simply click on an article and you’ll find options to generate a summary on demand and see all the key concepts within any given publication. Read more to see how it works. 

The Power of Summarisation

AI-powered summarisation is the mechanism of condensing a piece of text into a concise summary while retaining the meaning and key points. Summarising extracts key information and main ideas from the original text, to allow readers to quickly grasp the main points without having to read the entire document. Summaries typically provide an overview of the main topic, the central arguments, findings and supporting evidence.

The main benefit of AI-powered summarisation is efficiency, speed, objectivity, and consistency. Due to AI-based algorithms relying on predefined rules, linguistic patterns and statistical models to extract relevant information from text, this eliminates subject bias that can occur in manual or human summarisation. These complex algorithms also ensure consistency in the generated summaries which may not always be the case within manual summarisation because of the differences in interpretation. The added benefit of speed is evident as AI-powered algorithms can process large volumes of text and provide thoroughly analysed summaries in seconds. 

How to Use Zendy’s Summarisation Feature 

The AI-powered summarisation feature is developed to boost research efficiency and objectivity while also increasing the researcher’s productivity. 

To summarise research papers, journal articles, e-books, proceedings and much more on Zendy, you can locate the “summarise” drop-down on the sidebar of the PDF viewer. Once you click the arrow, you’ll be met with a summary of the research paper you’ve selected.

Keyphrase Highlighting: Defining Primary Focus

Keyphrase highlighting spotlights key concepts within research papers. It’s an essential tool that concisely presents the main themes and core concepts within a piece of text, facilitating information retrieval, and document categorisation.

By implementing keyphrase highlighting, readers quickly identify the central themes and important terms within the text, making it easier to skim text during literature review. The benefit of AI-powered keyphrase highlighting is the enhanced accuracy the feature is designed to deliver, this can help readers identify new concepts that they might not be aware of. Furthermore, this AI-powered feature can adapt to specialisms and disciplines over time. This will deliver subject-specific keyphrases to help readers grasp specialised concepts much more efficiently.

How To Use Zendy’s Keyphrase Highlighting Feature

To highlight keyphrases on research papers, journal articles, e-books, proceedings and more on Zendy, you can simply find the “key phrases” drop-down. Once you’ve clicked on the arrow, you’ll be met with all the keywords detected throughout the piece. Moreover, each word will direct you to its own search page for you to understand the term and concept thoroughly.

The Future of Research Consumption with Zendy

At Zendy, we envision an efficient and immersive reading experience for our users. By harnessing the power of AI, we strive to revolutionise the way people access and engage with scientific research. From personalised recommendations to intelligent search functionalities, AI empowers users to discover, navigate, and interact with scientific findings effortlessly. 

Take advantage of Zendy’s AI-powered summarisation and keyphrase highlighting features and discover millions of e-books, journal articles, proceedings and more on Zendy now.


Zendy Signs Global Agreement with IT Governance Publishing

[United Arab Emirates, June, 2023] – Zendy, the AI-powered digital research library, has a global licensing agreement with IT Governance Publishing, a leading provider of books on information technology, cybersecurity, and governance. 

As the demand for access to quality research continues to grow, Zendy is providing a solution to help promote a more equitable access model for individuals who are not associated with an institutional library. 

With a vast collection of scholarly literature, Zendy strives to help publishers increase the visibility of their content to a growing audience of over 170,000 registered users from 162 countries.

IT Governance Publishing is known for its extensive portfolio of books focusing on information technology, cybersecurity, data protection, and governance best practices. This partnership will see IT Governance’s titles added to Zendy’s research library, enhancing the platform’s diverse range of content.

“Zendy is committed to providing users with the most comprehensive and diverse collection of research material possible,” said Zendy Co-founder, Kamran Kardan. “We are thrilled to partner with IT Governance and make their publications available to our users. Partnerships enable our mission to democratise access to knowledge, bridging the gap between researchers, students, and professionals globally. Through increased accessibility, we strive to reduce inequalities and empower individuals to drive innovation and make a lasting impact on society.”

“When I first met the team at Zendy and they explained what they had planned, I knew the importance of partnering with them, their mission is something that I believe is a great opportunity to grow equality around the world,” said IT Governance Publishing Relations Manager, Andreas Chrysostomou.

In today’s interconnected world, accessing diverse perspectives and research from across the globe is paramount. By providing a platform that transcends borders, Zendy ensures that users from different countries and regions can benefit from a wide range of scholarly resources, fostering a rich and inclusive learning environment. 

Learn more about Zendy: 

About Zendy

Zendy is a product of Knowledge E. Since its inception in 2019, Zendy has connected over 170,000 users to academic journals, proceedings, articles, e-books, and more. Zendy is on a mission to make academic literature more affordable and accessible for students, researchers, and professionals worldwide. Zendy was awarded Best Startup – Education at the Middle East Technology Excellence Awards 2022.

About IT Governance Publishing

IT Governance Publishing is a leading provider of books, training, and consultancy services in the fields of information technology, cybersecurity, and governance. With a comprehensive range of resources authored by industry experts, IT Governance Publishing supports individuals and organisations in enhancing their IT performance, managing risk, and complying with relevant regulations.


See The Top 5 Reads of May 2023

Research is the foundation upon which progress and innovation are built, pushing the boundaries of knowledge in various fields. From healthcare to art, government to advertisement, and education, research papers across disciplines offer valuable insights. In this blog, we embark on a multidisciplinary journey, where we delve into five distinct research papers from different areas of study. Each paper provides a unique perspective, addressing critical challenges, uncovering societal issues, or presenting novel approaches to enhance understanding and drive change. 

  1. The Challenges in Child Health Research

This research paper thoroughly recognises the advancements in child healthcare and suggests that child health research stands as a model for developing knowledge in healthcare. However, the quality and quantity of child research are restricted in several ways, making healthcare professionals rely on adult health studies. The study finds that in 5 high-impact journals, adult trials and studies increased by 4.71% per year while child trials increased by 0.4% per year. This paper advocates for pediatric researchers to intensively consider a child’s age and development stage when prescribing medication or treatment. 

Read more here: The Challenges in Child Health Research

  1. Gender-based Portrayal in Global Television Advertisements

This case study conducts a comparative analysis within the sphere of television advertising. Observing the differences in the portrayal of men and women within commercials, the researchers especially took into consideration the primary character’s age, voiceover, products associated, home and work settings and working role. Sampling data from 13 Asian, American and European countries, the study found that gender stereotyping was prevalent globally in television advertisements regardless of the state of gender equality within the respective countries. 

Read more here: Gender-based Portrayal in Global Television Advertisements

  1. Dissecting Multiple Production of Artworks: Authenticity & Gremline Editing

This paper considers the ethical concerns and questions about artwork reproduction and its potential applications to gremline editing. As a starting point, the author references the 1935 Walter Benjamin essay titled; the work of art in the age of mechanical reproduction. The paper goes on to discuss the concept of the ethical and aesthetic relevance of art pieces with regard to the original artist’s vision. 

Read more here: Dissecting Multiple Production of Artworks: Authenticity & Gremline Editing

  1. Disaster Risk Management

This chapter introduces disaster risk management, stating that the process relies on the institution, policy, and scientific and technological progress. It suggests that increasing disaster risk management capacity is key to improving the utilisation effectiveness of disaster reduction resources, the text also reflects on Ulrich Beck’s risk society theory which is that risk society is a systematic way of dealing with hazards and insecurities induced and introduced by modernisation itself. 

Read more here: Disaster Risk Management

  1. Integration of Photovoice to Build Student’s Confidence in Public Speaking

This case study observes the extent of confidence photovoice is capable of building in students when it comes to public speaking. The indicators focused on within this study are eye contact, enthusiasm improvement, body language, critical thinking and fluency, the study was conducted on 2 students in the second grade of language major. This research utilised 3 key methods of measurement; a rubric of public speaking, classroom observation and student self-reflection. 

Read more here: Integration of Photovoice to Build Student’s Confidence in Public Speaking

Discover millions of e-books, journal articles, proceedings and more on Zendy now.


Zendy Integrates IEEE Metadata into its Digital Research Library

United Arab Emirates – June 2023 – Zendy, a UAE-based education technology startup, announced the addition of metadata from IEEE open access content to its digital research library.

IEEE, the world’s largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for humanity, will add its metadata to Zendy’s growing platform. This agreement helps to further increase the discoverability of IEEE’s top-cited content which covers a wide range of technologies including aerospace, artificial intelligence, computing, power systems, renewable energy, robotics, semiconductors, and more. With this agreement, IEEE open access content is now discoverable within the Zendy platform, enabling any users to link through to access the full-text from the IEEE Xplore Digital Library.

Zendy is an intuitive digital academic library hosting millions of Open Access resources that make the research process easier with the use of AI. Zendy’s AI-based summarisation and keyphrase highlighting tools comprehends the underlying meaning of research papers, resulting in more accurate information for the researcher.

A combination of machine learning algorithms, content-based filtering, and collaborative filtering combine to deliver personalised search results for the end user based on their area of interest.

Zendy provides access to an international offering with resources in more than 75 languages, including Arabic, Chinese, English, French, German, Mandarin, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.

IEEE’s metadata addition to Zendy’s Open Access offering, which features over 43 million Open Access publications, further strengthens both companies’ mission to enhance and empower lifelong learning opportunities for knowledge communities globally.

CEO of Knowledge E and Zendy Co-Founder, Kamran Kardan, commented, “Zendy’s agreements with leading publishers such as IEEE are a core step in our vision to empower discoverability and accessibility to top-tier content.  These agreements play a crucial role in providing inclusive access to academic research, and it’s great to see the industry creating an ecosystem of collaboration that ensures more people can leverage evidence-based research to further their knowledge in any respective field.”

To find out more about Zendy, visit:

About Zendy

Zendy is a product of Knowledge E. Since its inception in 2019, Zendy has connected over 150,000 users to academic journals, proceedings, articles, e-books, and more. Zendy is on a mission to make academic literature more affordable and accessible for students, researchers, and professionals worldwide. Zendy was awarded Best Startup – Education at the Middle East Technology Excellence Awards 2022.

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Breaking Down SJR Scores: A Guide to Understanding Academic Journal Performance

What is SJR?

The SJR (Scimago Journal Rank) is a metric that measures the prestige and impact of scientific journals. It is based on the concept of prestige transfer via citation links. Developed by the Scimago Lab, the metric ranks journals based on the citations received by their articles and the SJR scores of the citing journals. The SJR metric considers not only the total number of citations but also the quality of the citing journals as the subject field, quality and reputation of the journal have a direct effect on the citation of SJR.

A higher SJR score indicates that a journal has received more citations from other prestigious journals, signifying a higher level of influence and impact within the scientific community. However, the Scimago Journal Rank is just one of many metrics utilised to evaluate the quality and impact of scientific journals, and it should be considered alongside other measures such as the impact factor, h-index, and expert opinion when assessing the significance of a journal.

Why should you utilise SJR?

The Scimago Journal Rank is a public resource, meaning no subscription is needed to access and view any journal’s rank or score. SJR covers all disciplines, taking into account all relevant aspects of a journal tailored to the subject area. Moreover, the rankings are optimised to factor in the differences in citation behaviour between disciplines. It can be argued that SJR is a well-rounded metric, here are some key benefits of utilising it:

  • Evaluate journal quality

 SJR provides a quantitative measure of the prestige and impact of scientific journals. The score considers both the number of citations received by a journal and the quality of the citing journal. By utilising SJR, you can easily assess the relative importance and influence of different journals within a discipline.

  • Identify influential journals

 SJR scores journals based on their impact and visibility within the scientific community. The score can identify the most influential journals in your area of research, allowing you to target your publications to maximise their impact and reach.

  • Compare journals within a field 

SJR provides a comprehensive comparison of different journals within a discipline. You can assess the standing and ranks of journals based on their SJR scores and determine which ones are more widely recognised by the scientific community.

  • Benchmark research output

SJR also provides rankings at national and institutional levels. It can assist in benchmarking the research output of different countries or institutions, enabling you to assess their scientific productivity.

  • Stay updated on scientific trends

By regularly consulting SJR, you can keep track of the evolving landscape of scientific journals, including emerging journals, new research areas, and trends within your field of interest.

How is SJR calculated? 

The SJR (Scimago Journal Rank) is calculated using a methodology that counts the number of citations a journal receives. The source of citations is also taken into account; citations from prestigious citing journals. The steps involved in calculating the SJR score are:

  1. Collection of data: The methodology is initiated by collecting data on citations from Scopus, which is a comprehensive bibliographic database of scientific literature.
  2. Weighting citations: Each citation received by an article within the journal is weighted based on the importance of the citing journal. The methodology considers the SJR of the citing journal as an indicator of its prestige. Higher-ranked journals contribute more to the SJR score of the journal being evaluated.
  3. Normalisation: To account for differences in citation practices between fields of study, the SJR algorithm implements a normalisation process. This process adjusts variations in citation patterns and citation potential across different disciplines.
  4. Prestige of the citing journals: Journals that receive citations from more prestigious and influential journals are given higher weight in the calculation.
  5. Journal self-citations: Self-citations, which are citations made by a journal to its own articles, are excluded from the SJR calculation. This ensures that self-referencing does not influence a journal’s SJR score.
  6. Iterative calculation: The Scimago Journal Rank is calculated iteratively, taking into account the rank scores of the citing journals. This iterative process helps adjust the scores and establish a relative ranking of journals within specific subject categories.

What are the limitations of SJR?

While the SJR (Scimago Journal Rank) metric is widely used and provides valuable insights regarding the impact of scientific journals, it is important to consider its limitations. Some of the limitations of the SJR metric are:

  • Subjectivity of Journal Rankings

 The rankings provided by SJR are based on algorithms that consider citation data and the prestige of citing journals. However, the determination of prestige is subjective and can vary across different research communities or disciplines. The choice of specific journals in the Scopus database can also have biases in the rankings.

  • Limited Coverage

SJR relies on the Scopus database for citation data, which may not include all journals across all disciplines. Certain fields or niche journals may be underrepresented in the database, leading to an incomplete representation of the research landscape.

  • Focus on Citations

SJR heavily relies on citation data as the primary focus of a journal’s impact. While citations can be a significant unit of measurement, they do not capture other aspects of a journal’s quality, such as editorial standards, scientific rigour, or societal impact. The metric does not assess factors like the published research’s novelty, originality, or practical applicability.

  • Time Lag

SJR scores are updated annually, which means there can be a time lag in reflecting the most recent developments and impact of journals. This delay may not capture the immediate influence of newly published research.

  • Field Normalisation Challenges

While the Scimago Journal Rank attempts to normalise citations across different fields, variations in citation practices and publishing patterns can still have biases. Certain disciplines may have higher citation rates due to their nature or popularity, leading to potential imbalances in the rankings.

  • Limited Transparency

The specific details of the algorithm used to calculate SJR scores, including the weighting and normalisation methods, are proprietary information and not publicly disclosed. This lack of transparency can make it difficult to fully understand and critique the metric.

What is the difference between Scimago Journal Rank and Journal Impact Factor?

The journal impact factor is a measure of the frequency with which the average article in a journal has been cited in a particular year. It is used to measure the importance or rank of a journal by calculating the times its articles are cited. The calculation is based on a two-year period and involves dividing the number of times articles were cited by the number of articles that are citable.

The main differentiating point of SJR and Journal Impact Factor is that the Scimago Journal Rank measures prestige and Journal Impact Factor measures citation impact. Both metrics utilise citations to settle a journal’s score. Moreover, both metrics rely on different databases, SJR relies on Scopus while Journal Impact Factor relies on Journal Citation Reports (JCR), these well-reputed databases assist the algorithms with which each score is decided. Additionally, SJR scores are optimised to compare journals across disciplines while the journal impact factor is not; using this metric you may only compare journals within one discipline. 

In conclusion, the Scimago Journal Rank is a valuable metric that determines the prestige of a specific journal. This article explored why as researchers, you should be utilising SJR and how it is calculated while highlighting the metric’s limitations. To help you gain a better understanding, the article also included a brief comparison between the Scimago Journal Rank and Journal Impact Factor. While SJR is arguably a well-rounded metric, it should not be the only method of analysis and should be considered along with other metrics and expert opinions to draw final conclusions about a specific journal.